دراسة لبعض عناصر اللياقة البدنية و القياسات الجسمية و علاقتها بمستوى اداء بعض الحركات الاساسية في الجمناستك الفني للطالبات

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21/4/2015 10:09 AM

دراسة لبعض عناصر اللياقة البدنية و القياسات الجسمية و علاقتها بمستوى اداء بعض الحركات الاساسية في الجمناستك الفني للطالبات


 
Abstract

e the research problem by observing the researchers of the performance Combin of some students in some lessons, particularly gymnastic artistic students noticed that there were weaknesses in the performance level of students and that there is disparity in the level of fitness to have Moreover, some of them do not possess the specifications physical appropriate for the exercise of this activity researchers to study some elements of physical fitness and physical measurements and to identify their relationship to the level of performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. The researchers assumed the following:
- The presence of significant correlation between some elements of physical fitness and physical measurements and the \level of performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. - The presence of significant correlation between performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. The study aimed to reveal the mean as follows: -- Rating (level) some elements of physical fitness and physical measurements among female students. - Relationship with some elements of the fitness level of the performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. - Do some level of physical measurements of the performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. The researchers used a descriptive approach to appropriate to the nature of research, and studies have been conducted on students of the third stage in the Faculty of Physical Education - University of Tikrit for the academic year (2010 - 2011) and of their number (10), representing 100% of the research community Included the procedures of the research procedure to determine the measurements and tests used in research by taking the views of gentlemen experts as well as to analyze the level of scientific sources have been identified these tests as included tests of some elements of fitness and included measurements of physical some of the ocean as well as measurements of some of the lengths of parts of the body in addition to measuring each of the total length of the body and the body mass and used exercise tests art to measure the components of fitness and presented to a group of experts was conducted validity and reliability and objectivity of these tests included the search procedures perform three experiments reconnaissance ( 3) students from the research community, and then carried out the main experiment, within seven days, then was extracted the relationships between each of the elements of physical fitness and body measures and the level of performance of some basic movements in the gymnastic art of female students was the use of transactions Statistics (mean and standard deviation, coefficient of simple correlation (Pearson) - coefficient of variation. They found the following conclusions: • that some elements of physical fitness and physical measurements a positive role in the performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls, while not showing some elements of physical fitness and physical measurements of an influential role in the level of significance, as follows : for traffic on the crossbar, shown (special force as soon as the two men, the balance (the hard way longitudinal hard tripod), flexible back and legs) (thigh circumference and calf circumference, foot length, the length of lower limb. For the movement and the cat leap showed variables (the explosive power of the muscles of the legs, the force characterized by the speed of the muscles of the legs and abdomen, longitudinal balance the hard way, thigh circumference, calf circumference, foot length) positively correlated with the level of performance of the movement and the cat leap. • Movement and leap step: Showed the variables (the explosive power of the two men, the power-speed characteristic of the muscles of the legs, balance the hard way longitudinal, thigh circumference, leg circumference) a positive role in the movement of the level of performance leap step. For the turnover: Showed the variables (power characterized by the speed of the muscles of the legs, balance the hard way orthogonal, longitudinal balance the hard way, fitness, foot length) a positive role in the level of performance a positive role in the level of performance for the movement of rotation. • For the rolling movement of the front: if not all the variables(elements of physical fitness and physical measurements) any positive role in the level of performance in the rolling movement of the front bar because all the students were not able to perform this movement. For the movement to stand on their hands: did not show all the variables(elements of physical fitness and physical measurements adopted in the Find an influential role in the level of performance in the movement to stand on their hands because of all the students were not able to perform this movement. • For the movement of the wheel of human showed variables (the explosive power of the muscles of the arms deals as soon as the force of the muscles of the arms, legs, abdomen, back and leg flexibility, agility area around the shoulder, arm circumference, the length of stop) a positive role in the level of performance for the movement of the wheel of humanity. For the rolling front annexation Listing of variables (the explosive power of the muscles of the legs, the force characterized by the speed of the muscles of the arms, legs and abdomen, fixed tripod balance, flexibility, back, legs, trunk flexibility of elegance, the length of stop) a positive role in the level of performance of the rolling movement of the front annexation. For the rolling front opened showed the variables (power characterized by the speed of the muscles of the arms, legs and abdomen, fixed tripod balance, flexibility, back, legs, trunk flexibility, circumference (upper arm, forearm, thigh) length of the stop) a positive role in the level of performance.. • For breakthrough movement jump on the platform jump: showed variables (the explosive power of the muscles of the legs, the force characterized by the speed of the muscles of the arms, legs and abdomen) balance fixed tripod, flexible back and legs, the area around the leg, length (palm, thigh, leg, lower limb) a positive role in the performance of movement jump groundbreaking on the platform jump.
Recommendations Emphasis on the elements of interest in fitness, which showed a positive role in the level of performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls and developed training programs for students. Emphasis on the selection of female athletes according to measurements that showed a positive role (linked to moral) level of performance of some basic movements in artistic gymnastics for girls. Emphasis on the selection of students that enjoy the fitness and physical specifications appropriate during the presentation to join in the Faculty of Physical Education, and not just rely on the total length, but interest lengths some parts of the body and the ocean and symptoms and body mass index and the consistency of these parts with each other and their compatibility with the total length of the body.
Conduct similar studies on the variables of physical and other physical.



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