EFFECTS OF SPRAYING SOME PLANT EXTRACTS ON PRODUCTIVITY OF TOMATO PLANTED IN PLASTIC HOUSES

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28/10/2014 12:47 PM

EFFECTS OF SPRAYING SOME PLANT EXTRACTS ON PRODUCTIVITY OF TOMATO PLANTED IN PLASTIC HOUSES


 
A. A. Al-Obaidi
R. Wehbi, N. Sofan
Dept. of Horticulture – College of Agricultural University of Al-Baath
Happy_times20@yahoo.com


ABSTRACT


A research was conducted during two successive years (2010 and 2011) on three cultivars of reliable tomatoes in protective implanting in one of the greenhouses belonging to vegetables Farmers in Banias (head beach); and plants like Portulaca oleraceae (P), Marva parviflora (M) and Opinuta ficus indica(C) have been used in this experiment; and the aquatic extracts have been prepared for it in a method of non-airy fermentation, also the commercial hormone, (flower-set) has been used and they have been spattered on the types of tomatoes (Urjowan, AL-Badiah and Sweety) so as to determine the influence of spattering the planting extracts on the blossoms ratio and the productivity of tomatoes ,as well as, to find alternatives instead of the commercial hormone which is used a lot by the planters to increase the blossoms. The experiment has been planned according to a design of the whole Randomized Complete Block Design (factorial experiment) and with the number of treatments (81) unit to compared between categories, and Randomized Complete Block Design the treatment of spattering extract (P+M+C) has been surpassed than all treatments in two categories of Urjowan and Sweety in giving the highest rate to ratio of blossoms and the whole productivity with rate (%94.50 and %97.53) and (25.86 and 22.63) kg/ m² successively for two seasons in type of Urjowan and Sweety (%95.03 and %94.76) and (21.36 and 17.86) kg/ m² successively for two seasons. This treatment, in both categories, does not differ significant from other treatments except the control treatment which provide a less rate for these characteristics. As for the AL-Badiah, the (M) treatment has given the highest rate for those two categories in that the blossoms ratio reached (%92.66 & %90.23) successively for two seasons, which does not differ from (P) treatment for the first season and treatments(P+M+C) and (M+C) in the second season, where as the other ones have surpassed the control which has provided a less rate for this category .In relation to productivity, (M) process has given a product (21.16& 21.20) kg/ m² successively for both seasons and it has surpassed the spattering treatments which in their turn have recorded the highest rate productivity and surpassed the control



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