SELF SUFFICENCY AND FOOD GAP FOR MAIN GRAIN CROPS IN SOME ARAB COUNTRIES

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20/10/2014 11:31 AM

SELF SUFFICENCY AND FOOD GAP FOR MAIN GRAIN CROPS IN SOME ARAB COUNTRIES


 
Abdallah A. Mudhi
Basim H. Hameed
Ahmed M. Faris


ABSRACT

The aim of this study is to evaluate the self- sufficiency for main grain crops In some Arab countries for the period 2005 – 2015 and to know the reality and the future of food gap of these crops in these countries to formulate an idea about food security state for them . The results showed that growth rate of main grain ( wheat , barley , rice and maize ) production in the study countries was negative for the study period . The level of grain food security was different from one country to another . Iraq had accumulated high percentage of self- sufficiency from barley and maize .The results also showed the dependency of Syria and Saudi Arabia on foreign markets to secure their needs from rice completely . Egypt market was characterized by high self- sufficiency from rice and barley while production levels for all crops were law in Sudan . Syria had accumulated high percentage of self- sufficiency in wheat while Sudan was the lowest and Iraq achieved the highest percentage in barley while Saudi Arabia the lowest . Egypt had accumulated the highest percentage of self- sufficiency in rice while Iraq achieved the highest percentage of self- sufficiency in maize . It was recommended to depend on the calculation of real gap and not food gap to get an impression about the nutritional state of individual and to concentrate on health dimension of food security



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