Clinical study of experimentally induced vitamin E and selenium deficiency in Awassi ewes and their newborn lambs

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17/9/2014 12:01 PM

Clinical study of experimentally induced vitamin E and selenium deficiency in Awassi ewes and their newborn lambs



H.K. Abood
A. M. H. Judi
A.A. AL-Ani
Department of Internal and Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad, Iraq
Accepted: 31 /1 / 2012


Summary

Experimental induction of vitamin E and selenium deficiency by deficient diet was carried out on Awassi ewes and their newborn lambs. The clinical signs were characterized by sudden death in 4 lambs out of 14 lambs in deficient group and other lambs showed a variable signs included inability to suckle, arched back, weakness, dullness, emaciation and recumbency. Serum selenium and vitamin E levels of these lambs were 0.01 ppm and 0.34 mg/L respectively. The clinical signs in ewes included loss of body weight and loss of wool, Weakness, dullness and recumbency. Serum selenium and vitamin E levels of these ewes were 0.02 ppm and 0.61mg/L respectively. It was concluded that vitamin E and selenium are essential antioxidants and their deficiency exposes the sheep industry to many serious losses.
Keywords: vitamin E, selenium, awasi ewe, deficiency.



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