Obesity and Overweight among Students in Arabic Secondary Schools in Erbil City

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26/5/2014 12:04 PM

Obesity and Overweight among Students in Arabic Secondary Schools in Erbil City



Kareema A. Hussein, PhD*
*Assistant Professor, Pediatric Nursing Department, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University


Abstract

Objective(s): The aim of the study was to identify the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescence and to estimate the effect of socio- demographic and health behaviors that predicting obesity in adolescents.
Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive study was being carried out at three public Arabic secondary schools in Erbil city from October 1st 2010 to January 30th 2011. A systematic randomly sample size of 461 stu-dents was selected.
Results: In this study, the age of (46.2%, 122) of males students were ranged between (17- 18.9) years old com-pared to females students (74.1%, 146) their age ranged between (15 -16.9) years old. About (3.4%, 9) of males adolescents having overweight while all female adolescents were recorded as normal weight with significant asso-ciation between weight status and gender (p-value= 0.006). There were (0.5%, 1) overweight that watching TV during eating but (3.1%, 8) was did not watching TV during eating with significant association between weight sta-tus and watching TV during eating (p- value= 0.041).
Recommendation: This study recommended placing posters throughout the school showing foods rich in vari-ous nutrients, healthy food tips in the school news letter for parents and educational activities with more orienta-tion about their diet and physical exercise at early ages involving the whole family to control the excess of weight. Keywords: anthropometric measure weight status, adolescent, physical inactivity, fast food.
Keywords: overweight, obesity, normal weight, adolescents, secondary school




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