An Epidemiological Approach of Hydrocephaly Parameters in Duhok Province

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26/5/2014 10:34 AM

An Epidemiological Approach of Hydrocephaly Parameters in Duhok Province



Sa’ad M S M Alsufi, M.B.Ch.B., M.Sc.*
Assistant Lecturer Technical institute, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq


Abstract:

Objective(s): This study was conducted to deal with the importance and effect of various variables which might have influence in hydrocephaly occurrence. Methodology: A retrospective design was performed and continued for 4 months. It included 89 non-randomized consecutive samples collected from the Early Detection of Childhood Disabilities Center (E.D.C.D.C.) Duhok. The population involved was the entire cases of both sexes that attended the centre during the period from 1st.Jan, 1998 to 30th. Dec. 2008 with final diagnosis of hydrocephaly. Patients’ records from the centre were used to collect data.
Results: Hydrocephaly has been recognized as a public health problem in Duhok province, Iraqi Kurdistan region, many aspects of which still remain unclear. The results indicated that males mainly suffer (53.9%), highest occurrence of hydrocephaly cases occur in summer (42.7%), patients aged 7-10 years were the highest (55.1%), consanguious parents constitute (57.3%), mother's age group of 26-35 years had the highest occurrence (56.2%), deliveries conducted in hospitals (85.4%), Duhok city showed the highest incidence (61.8%), normal deliveries were the highest (83.1%) and finally idiopathic cases were (39.3%). Recommendations: It is highly recommended to establish hydrocephaly screening units in all maternity hospitals in Duhok province and discouragement of consanguineous marriages.
Keywords: Hydrocephaly, children, Duhok




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