Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Adolescents in Baghdad City

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22/5/2014 11:30 AM

Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Adolescents in Baghdad City



Shaker M. Saleh, MScN*
Hala S. Abdul-Wahid , PhD**
*Academic Community Health Nurse, High Healthy Vocations Institute, Medical City Directorate.
**Assistant Professor, Community Health Nursing Department, College of Nursing, University of Baghdad.


Abstract:

Objectives: The study aims to assess the nutritional status, identify nutrition-related health problems and find out the relationships between nutritional status and demographic characteristics of the pregnant adolescents in Baghdad City.
Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out from April/20/2009 to June/30/2009 through a "Nonprobability" purposive sample of (196) pregnant adolescents their age between (13–19) years who attend (14) primary health care centers in Baghdad City seeking for antenatal care. The data were collected by the investigator who interviewed the pregnant adolescents and filled out the constructed questionnaire formats which designed for the purpose of the study. Internal consistency of reliability determined through the computation of alpha-Chronbach correlation coefficient for quality of life items. Test-retest of reliability was determined through the computation of Spearman's correlation coefficient for the same items. The content validity of the constructed questionnaire was determined through a panel of experts. Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical approach (frequencies and percentages) and inferential statistical approach (Chi-Square).
Results: The findings revealed that imparity in weight per (kg) according to the pregnancy trimester recorded the following mean values (after excluding the extreme values). 1st trimester (0.00 – 0.66kg), 2nd trimester (2.83 – 3.51kg) and 3rd trimester (4.90 – 6.96kg). Regarding nutritional related problems; anemia, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, protein urea (trace), teeth decay and urinary tract infection, nausea, vomiting, and heartburn. Common dietary patterns: skipping meals, snacks eating, food dislike, and not drinking enough amounts of water or beverages daily(6–8) glasses, The dietary intake through the (24) hours diet recall and food frequency questionnaire which in comparison with food pyramid do not meet daily requirements of their servings.
Recommendations: The study recommends health promotion and nutrition-oriented education programs can be designed, structured and presented to female adolescents to prepare them for a healthy marriage and pregnancy.
Key words: Nutritional status, Pregnant Adolescents




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