Early detection of first degree relatives to type-II diabetes mellitus

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22/5/2014 10:00 AM

Early detection of first degree relatives to type-II diabetes mellitus



Abdul-Kareem H. Shanon, PhD*
Batool A. Jaddou, PhD**
* Instructor, Technical Institute, Babylon
** Professor, Adults Nursing Department, College of Nursing, University of Baghdad


Abstract:

Objective(s): The study aims to assess the early detection of early detection of first degree relatives to type-II diabetes mellitus throughout the diagnostic tests of Glycated Hemoglobin A1C. (HgbA1C), Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) and to find out the relationship between demographic data and early detection of first degree relatives to type-II diabetes mellitus.
Methodology: A purposive "non-probability" sample of (200) subjects first degree relatives to type-II diabetes mellitus was selected from National Center for Diabetes Mellitus/Al-Mustansria University and Specialist Center for Diabetes Mellitus and Endocrine Diseases/Al-kindy. These related persons have presented the age of (40-70) years old. A questionnaire was constructed for the purpose of the study, it is composed of (3) major parts, and overall items, which are included in the questionnaire are (76) items. Reliability and validity of the questionnaire were determined through a pilot study which is carried out during the period of August, 1st, 2008 to February, 30th 2009. The study instrument and structured interview technique were used as means of data collection. The data were analyzed through the application of the descriptive statistical data analysis approach (Frequency and Percentage) and the inferential statistical data analysis approach Chi-square, Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: The results of the study confirmed that the mean of age is (55.7) year, and the majority of the sample are male, first degree relatives with diabetes mellitus type-II are within positive bio-social aspect and laboratory screening had an effect on the incidence of diabetes mellitus type-II for first degree relatives to type-II diabetes mellitus. Recommendations: The study recommends that the number of diabetes centers should be increased in Baghdad and Governorates, promote of HbA1c test from general hospitals laboratories, guide notebook about the predisposing factors of diabetes mellitus in his family, periodic screening for pre-diabetes and diabetes in high risk, asymptomatic, undiagnosed adults within the health care setting, prevention program to prevent and control on the predisposing risk factors for nondependent diabetes mellitus type-II and complication
Keywords: Early detection, diabetes mellitus type-II



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