Isosorbide Mononitrate versus Misoprostol for Cervical Ripening

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02/4/2014 10:59 AM

Isosorbide Mononitrate versus Misoprostol for Cervical Ripening


Abdul Razaq


Abstract
 
Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) versus misoprostol used to induce labour for overdue pregnancy.
Setting: A prospective randomized clinical study conducted at AL-Elwiya Maternity Teaching Hospital in Baghdad from Jan. 2008 to Dec. 2008.
Method: One hundred and fifty women with over due pregnancy (past date and posterm pregnancy) referred for induction of labour with Bishop scores <_ 5 were randomly allocated to receive either forty mg isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) tablet as a single vaginal dose (n=75) or fifty mcg misoprostol vaginally (n=75) every six hrs for a maximum of three doses. Amniotomy and/or oxytocin infusion is considered when Bishop scores frankly progressed (augmentation) or used when no improvement achieved after 24 hour (induction). Adverse effects of medications, induction - delivery interval, mode of delivery and neonatal outcome were recorded and subjected to statistical analysis.



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