Chemical composition and phytochemicals of aerial parts of Iraqi Al-shinnan plant Seidlitzia rosmarinus

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11/5/2014 10:16 AM

Chemical composition and phytochemicals of aerial parts of Iraqi Al-shinnan plant Seidlitzia rosmarinus




Khalida A .Shaker(Department of Food Science.&Biotechnology, College of Agriculture,Univ. of Baghdad)
Arwa M. Khaleel(Department of Basic Science, College of Agriculture, Univ. of Baghdad)
Inas M. Al-aubadi(Department of Food Science.&Biotechnology, College of Agriculture,Univ. of Baghdad)



Abstract

The chemical composition and phytochemicals of aerial parts of Iraqi Al-shinnan plant Seidlitzia rosmarinus which belong to chenopodiaeae were investigated. The approximate analysis showed that the percentages of moisture content, ash content, crude protein, lipids, crude fiber and carbohydrate of the aerial parts on dry weight basis were (4.82, 37.50, 9.78, 1.07, 15.01, 46.83)% respectively. its caloric value was 236.07 Kcal/100g. The percentages of major mineral elements being calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and nitrogen were (1.985, 0.38, 0.37, 1.56)% respectively, while the minor mineral elements content were iron 319.4 ppm and zinc 15.97 ppm and the results indicates the absence of cupper .The aqueous extract of the plant had acidic (pH 6.3).
The result of qualitative determination showed that the aqueous extract and alcoholic extract of aerial parts were free of phlobatannins and steroids, meanwhile the quantitative determination showed the presence of phytochemicals namely flavonoides, alkaloids, saponins, mucilages, phenols, tannins, and glycosides (5.64, 1.56, 21, 30, 0.08, 1.20, 1.07) % respectively .



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